Since 2017, YTT has been researching and developing, in partnership with the Department of Education Sciences of Roma Tre University, the YTT Learning Approach.In 2019, we designed and implemented the ﬁrst educational module for Italian school children to reduce prejudice and discrimination against minority populations. Through the YTT visual language, we created an imaginary contact with a child/children coming from a minority population and of the same age, consequently stimulating an awareness of the living conditions of speciﬁc minority communities. Which in turn, promotes the deconstruction of prejudice and the reduction of discrimination practices. The module also raises awareness among the school-children to fundamental human-rights and cultural differences, empathy and the acceptance of cultural dis-similarity. Whilst also allowing the school-children to maintain their distinctive identity, which activated positive attitudes towards diversity. It was carried out with 200 children (10-11 years old) from ﬁve primary schools in Rome:
1) Istituto Comprensivo Artemisia Gentileschi Primary School
2) Istituto Comprensivo Simonetta Salacone Primary School
3) Istituto Comprensivo Nando Martellini Primary School
4) Istituto Comprensivo Stefanelli Primary School
5) Istituto San Giovanni Bosco delle FMA School
Presentation of the 2019 Italian YTT Educational Program by teacher: Maria Catalano
The program used drawings from numerous minority populations (the YTT visual language). Through the analysis of this visual language, it was possible to activate pupils perspective-taking and empathy, creating a contrasting effect between their own experiences and the experiences of a child of the same age and gender, coming from a minority population. This stimulates a profound emotional understanding of the minority experience. The educational intervention was structured as interdisciplinary, composed of 8 lessons, using a student-centered and active learning approach.
Italian primary school-children participating in a YTT Learning Approach school program
Developing further, in 2020 we launched our second year of this program, updating and designing it as a distance-learning/e-Learning format. We also increased the number of participating school children to 400 children (10-13 years old) and the number of primary schools, to ten:
Istituto Comprensivo Artemisia Gentileschi Primary School, Istituto Comprensivo Simonetta Salacone Primary School, Istituto Comprensivo Nando Martellini Primary, School, Istituto Comprensivo Stefanelli Primary School, Istituto San Giovanni Bosco delle FMA Primary School, Istituto Comprensivo Salacone-Pisacane Primary School, Istituto Comprensivo Regina Elena Primary School, Istituto Comprensivo Aldo Manuzio Primary School, Istituto Comprensivo Filippo Smaldone Primary School and the Istituto Comprensivo Pisacane Primary School.
The YTT Italian Primary School e-Learning Program Sample Pages
YTT Teacher/Instructor Training:
With Roma Tre University & Sapienza University di Roma, we have also concentrated on researching & developing our learning approach for future teachers working within formal school environments, designing training programs for pre- service teachers to understand and promote inclusion, diversity and the reduction of prejudice/racism. Concentrating on a theoretical basis of prejudice: strategies of reduction, school norms and laws, proposals of educational and didactic programs useful to reduce prejudice in schools regarding ethnicity, gender, disabilities, etc. This research has also included instructors working within informal learning environments. Since 2019, we have taught our approach to 620 pre-service teachers (ages 20-23 yrs old).
Sample Slides of Workshops for Pre-Service Teachers
We have also test-piloted several elements of our learning approach through the PRIMEDPrevention and Interaction project, in collaboration with 22 Universities and 36 students (aged: 19-22 years old) from Italy, Morocco, Algeria, Lebanon, Chad, Tunisia and Egypt, and conducted a number of workshops on developing cross sectional educational competences and innovative strategies for social inclusion with the department of museum education at Roma Tre University.
Since 2016, YTT has been developing, in partnership with the Department for Performance for Stage and Screen at Shefﬁeld Hallam University, the YTT Learning Approach (through theatre and performance techniques).
We incorporate laterally our theatre research together with our educational research, conducted by Roma Tre University, to generate a complete learning approach that enables embodied and empowered interactive participation. Led by Dr. Henry Bell, YTT’s theatre curriculum deploys an updated and unique interpretation of Augusto Boal's Image Theatre technique, which integrates the YTT visual language and teaching methodology and through body language/movement, creates new forms of exchanging information, of communicating emotion, thought and ideas that reinforce community and cultural diversity. As a result, this affects positive change and raises fundamental rights awareness.
In 2017 and 2018, we designed and implemented our ﬁrst educational modules for English school-children to reduce prejudice and discrimination. By employing the use of body, movement and non-verbal physical expression of the YTT visual language, we created an imaginary contact with an adolescent(s) coming from speciﬁc minority communities and of the same age. Which further accentuated the variations between the school-children’s’ experiences, enhancing the afﬁnities and understandings of diversity, whilst decreasing discrimination of population and community difference. It was carried out with 250 adolescents (13-17 year olds) from four high-schools in the North of England:
1) High Storrs School, High Storrs Road, Shefﬁeld, Yorkshire.
2) Hall Cross Academy, Thorne Rd, Doncaster. Yorkshire.
3) Vision West Nottinghamshire College, Derby Road, Mansﬁeld, Nottinghamshire.
4) New Mills School, Church Lane, New Mills, High Peak, Derbyshire
English high-school students participating in a YTT Learning Approach school program
YTT Teacher/Instructor Training:
Since 2016 with the Department for Performance for Stage & Screen at Shefﬁeld Hallam University, we have also continually taught our approach to over 200 future drama teachers/instructors and practitioners (ages 18-23 yrs old) to understand and promote inclusion, diversity and the reduction of prejudice/racism.
Cadi Ayyad University Marrakech, Abdelmalek Essaadi University Tangier & OFPPT Vocational Career Centers in Casablanca and Tangier. In 2019, YTT designed and implemented a Summer Program, in collaboration with USAID and the Moroccan Ministry of Education, for over 50 students (aged: 13-22 yrs old). This program focused on social-inclusion, gender-equality, empathy and the acceptance of cultural dissimilarity.
Note: This learning program concluded with highly positive impactful qualitative results from all the participants.
Moroccan High-School & University students participating in a YTT Learning Approach school program