To verify the effects of the YTT learning approach on school-childrens’ prejudice, a study was conducted by Dr. Paola Perucchini, Dr. Fridanna Maricchiolo, Maria Gaetana Catalano of the Educational department in the Developmental and Educational Psychology in Primary Education at Roma Tre University along with Dr.Giordana Szpuner, Dr. Guido Benvenuto and Sara Gabrielli of the department of Development and Social Psychology at Sapienza University di Roma. 77 Italian children (a subgroup of the pupils involved in the program) were distributed into experimental (n = 37) and control (n = 40) groups. We investigated the reduction of explicit and implicit inter-ethnic prejudice in the children after the participation in our programs. Explicit prejudice is based on awareness and controlled negative attitudes and discriminating behaviours towards children of other ethnic/minority groups, implicit prejudice is an automatic reaction to stereotypes and negative evaluations of other ethnic/minority groups. These prejudices were evaluated with standardised tests before and after the educational intervention. Results show a statistically signiﬁcant reduction of implicit prejudice and a statistically signiﬁcant reduction of explicit prejudice in the experimental group, but not in the control group. Therefore, one can conclude, that our programs reduce efﬁciently all forms of prejudice, discrimination, inequality, racism, etc
YTT Research Results Elements
Latest YTT Published Research:
The latest published research on YTT’s learning approach:
An article published in the Journal of Social Psychology of Education about the YTT Learning Approach, titled: “Reducing implicit prejudice towards migrants in fifth grade pupils: Efficacy of a multi-faceted school-based program.” This article is available online here: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-022-09688-5 or as a PDF here: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11218-022-09688-5.pdf.
Education Sciences & Society - Open Access Peer Reviewed Journal. Click on the link to access: http://ojs.francoangeli.it/_ojs/index.php/ess/article/view/9476/632
Q Times Journal of Education, Technology and Social Studies. Click on link to access: Promoting inclusion through “distance contact”: the Yesterday-Today-Tomorrow project during health emergency
Latest YTT Visual Language Research:
Since the beginning, YTT and Roma Tre University continually analyse and code all the drawings that constitute the YTT visual language database. Studying several aspects of each drawing i.e. age, gender, ethnicity, drawing-content, graphic features, colours, symbols and diverse pictorial elements. The data acquired from this research forms the base structure for our varied learning programs.
YTT Visual Language Research sample images
Since 2017, YTT has been researching, in partnership with the department of Performance for Stage & Screen at Shefﬁeld Hallam University, our performance method in several non-learning environments and locations, including: the Fondazione Giorgio Cini in Venice, the Shefﬁeld Institute of Arts in England, the Gallery Jordan/Seydoux in Berlin and the Brownstone Foundation in Paris.
YTT Research Documentation & Awards:
Initial research evidence of YTT’s theatre approach can be found at: Image Theatre: “Transforming Perspectives Through Embodied Responses to Refugee Drawings in Yesterday Today Tomorrow (Traceability is Credibility) at the 2017 Venice Biennale.” Ride Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance, 2018, 23 (2), 294-315.
YTT, with the Performance for Stage & Screen Department, was awarded First Place in the category of Shaping Futures at Shefﬁeld Hallam University, Faculty of Development and Society Team Awards.
Bosnia & Herzegovina:
In 2018 and 2019, YTT developed with the International University of Sarajevo and the Balkan Studies Centre, research on the refugee/migrant crisis, particularly in the Balkan region. This study led to the creation of an information handbook for displaced refugee/migrant populations on the move throughout the Balkan migratory route and made available for free in 12 languages: Amharic, Bosnian, English, French, German, Arabic, Urdu, Hausa, Polish, Russian, Uzbek and Turkish.
YTT Balkan Studies Handbook
Diverse YTT Research:
Our main research is continuously led by Roma Tre University along with the department of Development & Social Psychology of Sapienza University di Roma and Shefﬁeld Hallam University. Though YTT has additionally collaborated with several leading Universities and Institutions on speciﬁc components that have also assisted in the development of the YTT learning approach. Such as The Reggio Children Foundation, where we have been interfacing on a process of connecting the YTT Approach with the world famous Reggio Emilia Approach, to develop pedagogical and educational practices for refugee/migrant/displaced children.