To verify the effects of the YTT learning approach on school-childrens’ prejudice, a study was conducted by Dr. Paola Perucchini, Dr. Fridanna Maricchiolo, Maria Gaetana Catalano of the Educational department in the Developmental and Educational Psychology in Primary Education at Roma Tre University along with Dr.Giordana Szpuner, Dr. Guido Benvenuto and Sara Gabrielli of the department of Development and Social Psychology at Sapienza University di Roma. 77 Italian children (a subgroup of the pupils involved in the program) were distributed into experimental (n = 37) and control (n = 40) groups. We investigated the reduction of explicit and implicit inter-ethnic prejudice in the children after the participation in our programs. Explicit prejudice is based on awareness and controlled negative attitudes and discriminating behaviours towards children of other ethnic/minority groups, implicit prejudice is an automatic reaction to stereotypes and negative evaluations of other ethnic/minority groups. These prejudices were evaluated with standardised tests before and after the educational intervention. Results show a statistically significant reduction of implicit prejudice and a statistically significant reduction of explicit prejudice in the experimental group, but not in the control group. Therefore,  one can conclude, that our programs reduce efficiently all forms of prejudice, discrimination, inequality, racism, etc

YTT Research Results Elements

Latest YTT Published Research:

The latest published research on YTT’s learning approach: 


Latest YTT Visual Language Research:

Since the beginning, YTT and Roma Tre University continually analyse and code all the drawings that constitute the YTT visual language database. Studying several aspects of each drawing i.e. age, gender, ethnicity, drawing-content, graphic features, colours, symbols and diverse pictorial elements. The data acquired from this research forms the base structure for our varied learning programs.

YTT Visual Language Research sample images

The U.K:

Since 2017, YTT has been researching, in partnership with the department of Performance for Stage & Screen at Sheffield Hallam University, our performance method in several non-learning environments and locations, including: the Fondazione Giorgio Cini in Venice, the Sheffield Institute of Arts in England, the Gallery Jordan/Seydoux in Berlin and the Brownstone Foundation in Paris.


YTT Research Documentation & Awards:

Initial research evidence of YTT’s theatre approach can be found at: Image Theatre: “Transforming Perspectives Through Embodied Responses to Refugee Drawings in Yesterday Today Tomorrow (Traceability is Credibility) at the 2017 Venice Biennale.” Ride Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance, 2018, 23 (2), 294-315.


YTT, with the Performance for Stage & Screen Department, was awarded First Place in the category of Shaping Futures at Sheffield Hallam University, Faculty of Development and Society Team Awards.

Bosnia & Herzegovina:

In 2018 and 2019, YTT developed with the International University of Sarajevo and the Balkan Studies Centre, research on the refugee/migrant crisis, particularly in the Balkan region. This study led to the creation of an information handbook for displaced refugee/migrant populations on the move throughout the Balkan migratory route and made available for free in 12 languages: Amharic, Bosnian, English, French, German, Arabic, Urdu, Hausa, Polish, Russian, Uzbek and Turkish.

YTT Balkan Studies Handbook

Diverse YTT Research:

Our main research is continuously led by Roma Tre University along with the department of Development & Social Psychology of Sapienza University di Roma and Sheffield Hallam University. Though YTT has additionally collaborated with several leading Universities and Institutions on specific components that have also assisted in the development of the YTT learning approach. Such as The Reggio Children Foundation, where we have been interfacing on a process of connecting the YTT Approach with the world famous Reggio Emilia Approach, to develop pedagogical and educational practices for refugee/migrant/displaced children.